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Gastritis

Ayurveda about Gastritis

Vitiation of Pitta and Kapha both are responsible for Gastritis. Vitiated Pitta leads to excess acid

secretion which weakens the stomach lining and since the stomach region is the main site for

Kapha in our body, vitiated Kapha leads to a weak stomach lining further aggravating the

Gastritis issue.

Since the main cause behind gastritis is aggravated pitta and kapha and ayurveda treatments

always cure the root cause, the line of treatment will be to balance the aggravated doshas, the

main treatment for Gastritis in ayurveda is two fold, one is to correct the lifestyle and second is

to balance all the doshas.

Apart from lifestyle counselling, Gastritis can be treated by medication and in most of the cases

without the need of Panchkarma, however Medicines cannot be prescribed without diagnosing

the patient, it is important to physically observe the patient and understand the specific

symptoms to prescribe suitable oral medication.

Gastritis is usually mild and resolves without any major treatment, the simplest way is by

bringing a change in the patient's lifestyle to remove the factors that caused the disease in the

first place.

However, if taken lightly, gastritis can become chronic and may lead to a stomach ulcer or

anaemia.

Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the lining of the stomach. Our stomach has a protective lining of mucus called the mucosa. This lining protects the stomach from a strong stomach acid that digests food. When something damages or weakens this protective lining, the mucosa becomes inflamed, causing gastritis. 

Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis), or appear slowly over time (chronic gastritis). 

Chronic gastritis is a common problem, and sources estimate that more than 50% of the world’s population is affected by it to some degree.

In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer. In most cases, however, gastritis isn't serious and improves quickly with treatment.

What are the types of gastritis?

There are two main types of gastritis:

Erosive : Erosive gastritis causes both inflammation and erosion (wearing away) of the stomach lining. This condition is also known as reactive gastritis. 

Non-erosive: Inflammation of the stomach lining without erosion or compromising the stomach lining.

Symptoms

  • Gastritis doesn’t cause noticeable symptoms in everyone. The most common symptoms are:
  • Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach at night or become either worse or better with eating
  • Nausea or recurrent upset stomach
  • Vomiting
  • A feeling of fullness in your upper abdomen after eating
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Hiccups
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting blood or coffee ground-like material
  • Black, tarry stools

Causes

A gastrointestinal bacterial infection can  cause gastritis. The most common bacterial infection that causes it is Helicobacter pylori. It’s a bacterium that infects the lining of the stomach. The infection is usually passed from person to person, but can also be transmitted through contaminated food or water.

Certain conditions and activities may increase your risk for developing gastritis. 

Risk factors include:

excessive alcohol consumption

chronic vomiting

stress

Routine use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and aspirin- if they are used for longer time such as several weeks or months they may affect the protective function of the stomach lining

Combining painkillers with steroids can make this damaging effect worse

cocaine, tobacco use

Age- because the stomach lining thins naturally with age

Physical stress: A sudden, severe illness or injury can bring on gastritis. Often, gastritis develops even after a trauma that doesn’t involve the stomach.

autoimmune disorders. The immune system attacks healthy cells in the stomach lining.

Diseases like Crohn's disease, sarcoidosis, and isolated granulomatosis gastritis.

Another less common cause of gastritis is a condition called Bile reflux: The liver makes bile to help you digest fatty foods. “Reflux” means flowing back. Bile reflux occurs when bile flows back into the stomach instead of moving through the small intestine.