Ayurveda suggests that knee osteoarthritis is a disease of vata. Vata is the principle dosha of movement (and air). It controls all movement in the body including locomotion, coordination and transmission and breath etc. Hence when there is loss of motion due to pain/injury/inflammation in any part of the body, it's important for Ayurveda to treat mobility or locomotive capacity (locomotor ability) first and then inflammation.
According to the ayurvedic view joint pains are caused by excessive activities/ overuse and underuse causing injury leading to derangements of doshas. In the case of knees, excess activities like running long distances, playing sports may cause stress on knee joints leading to knee osteoarthritis.
For Ayurveda, inflammation is the result of excess Vata dosha, and degeneration results from pitta dosha. So ayurvedic treatment should be focused on reducing Vata dosha and nourishing pitta dosha.
Ayurveda says that when any of the seven tissues are not in their usual state of health, arthritis is one of the many symptoms that arise. This includes a person who sports too much and gets knee injuries, or who has fallen off from stairs and injured his knees etc. Ayurveda prescribes diet, lifestyle modification, and specific herbal preparations for managing OA effectively.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that causes pain and stiffness in the joints of your body. Osteoarthritis, or OA, is more common as we age. It can occur in both weight-bearing joints such as the knee and in non-weight-bearing joints like the fingers, spine or hips. It affects both men and woman; however, it seems to affect women at higher rates than men.
OA can be treated by simply managing symptoms with medications and activities of daily living modifications (e.g., using a cane). However, if left untreated it usually progresses until surgery or replacement becomes necessary. As stated earlier, current treatment options for knee osteoarthritis include medications and activity modifications.
The exact cause of osteoarthritis is not known. It may result from a combination of biomechanical changes, as well as, aging factors, genetics and degeneration in the joint cartilage. Another possible contributing factor for knee OA could be obesity (body mass index or BMI > 30 with knee pain) according to some studies that have shown overweight and obese patients being more likely to develop knee OA compared to normal weight individuals .
Osteoarthritis seems to occur more often in individuals who perform activities that require repetitive use of the same joint(s). These activities may include running and soccer which place a lot of stress on your knees. Some medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis can also put you at high risk for developing knee OA.