Ayurveda says that ligament is the "rope which binds the bone". A healthy and flexible ligaments ensure proper functioning of synovial joint. Swelling, inflammation or trauma to a ligament will lead to rupture in most cases. Ligaments are made up of tough connective tissues and they are named after their attachment points on various bones.
While weakness in specific ligaments like cruciate ligaments (ACL & PCL) often leads to ACL tear, hyperextension injury of knee joint can cause damage to anterior collateral (AC) part of medial collateral (MC) ligament as also posterior oblique part of external lateral (EDL) ligament whereas anterolateral rotatory instability can cause damage to posterior oblique part of internal lateral (IL) ligament.
Ayurvedic medication is capable of reducing swelling and pain, which is the symptomatic relief that also accompanies conventional treatment. Ayurveda's therapeutic actions such as 'snigdha' and 'rakshas' means dampening down inflammatory process while increasing healing forces are helpful in treating ligament injury. Treating diabetes and obesity, which are known risk factors for joint injuries, can arrest or delay early age degenerative change in joints. Proper care to strengthen the ligaments using home remedies will ensure a complete recovery from an acute ligament tear with no fear of chronic knee problems.
Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect the bones together. Ligament injury occurs when one suddenly twists or forcefully moves their foot and ankle in an awkward direction. The result is that one or more ligaments get torn from its surrounding bone, resulting in inflammation and pain on the injured area for a while. In many cases, ligament injury could result to a sprain which is basically is the stretching or tearing of ligaments and tendons.
As a result of ligament injury, one could experience pain and swelling on the injured area. There would also be severe tenderness over the affected bones and an inability to put weight on it as well. In addition to this, there might even be discoloration or bruising in some cases.
The most common sites for ligament injury include the following:
1. Ankle joint - This is one of the most common sites for ligament injury to occur since it supports your entire body's weight. It is also exposed to a lot of physical stresses especially if you engage in sports activities like basketball, volleyball, and tennis which requires a lot of quick movements.
2. Knee joint - Some people might not be aware that the knee is actually composed of different ligaments when they are suffering from knee pain especially if it hasn't been properly diagnosed by a physician yet. The most common sites for ligament injury include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).
3. Elbow - Aside from the site where the elbow meets the wrist, injury could also occur at its inner part particularly if one engages in sports like baseball or boxing which requires a lot of swinging motions. Another common place where one is highly susceptible to ligament injury in the elbow include the coronal (anterior) and sagittal (medial border) as well as the radial collateral ligaments.
4. Hip joint - People who have previously suffered from dislocated hip bones could develop a weak hip ligament which would predispose them to having recurrent dislocations in the future. Aside from that, overloading or strain on this area could also lead to an injury of one or more of its surrounding ligaments such as the iliofemoral ligament and pubofemoral ligament.