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Nasal Polyps

Ayurveda considers an obstruction of the nose due to nasal polyps as a kaphaja vikara or a vata disorder. This may lead to artheesha (anxiety) and dveeta-bhumika or doobha (dyspnoea i.e difficulty in breathing). Apart from this, other symptoms like sneezing, excessive flow of mucus, blocked nostrils can be present. The standard treatment includes removing the obstruction, treating dehydration and stabilising vata dosha.

 

Nasal polyps are soft, non-cancerous (benign) growths that form inside your nose. They can cause a stuffy or blocked feeling, change the way you smell things, and make it difficult to breathe through your nose. Nasal polyps are not easy to see; they're most often detected during an examination of your nasal passages when looking in with a lighted instrument called an endoscope.

What causes nasal polyps?

Everyone develops nasal polyps at some point in life but most will not experience any symptoms and consequently don't seek medical attention. That's because typically these benign growths do not need treatment if they aren't causing symptoms like nasal congestion and discharge. In fact, nasal polyps are so common that an estimated 15 percent of the U.S. population experiences them at some point in life.

Nasal polyps can develop for a number of reasons including:

  • A drop in blood pressure after standing up (postural hypotension) which causes swelling down one side of the body (known as Churg-Strauss syndrome)
  • An allergic reaction to aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen)
  • Cigarette smoke and air pollutants like car exhausts can irritate the lining of your nose and cause nasal polyps. If you work near environmental pollutants like solvents, paint fumes, tar, or coal dust, you may be at an increased risk of developing nasal polyps.

Risk factors for the development of nasal polyps include:

Age older than 40 years a family history (hereditary) of nasal polyps severe allergies and sinus infections previous history of tonsillectomy surgery use of certain medications that can reduce your body's blood pressure, such as diuretics long-term exposure to smoke from cigarettes, wood fires, candles, etc.

A recent study suggests that frequent consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, could increase the risk of developing nasal polyps by up to 44%.