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Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airway that has both immune and allergic components. Symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing, especially at night or in the early morning. The disease often follows a seasonal pattern. Most asthma attacks occur after exposure to an irritant such as pollen, cigarette smoke, dust, or some kind of air pollution.
Asthma is one of the most important diseases of childhood. More than 3 million children in the United States have asthma. The disease can be mild, moderate, or severe depending on how often it occurs and its intensity. It causes more school absences than any other childhood disease.
The Complexity of Asthma
In many children, asthma can be controlled by avoiding allergens and taking medication to reduce inflammation. However, if it is not well-controlled, a child may have an episode that requires medical treatment in the emergency room or urgent care clinic. Children with uncontrolled asthma are at increased risk for serious problems such as respiratory failure, pneumonia, and even death.
Asthma has been increasing over the past few decades in both developed and developing countries. In Europe 5 to 10% of young adults have asthma, while in the United States 8.5% of adolescents aged 12-17 years reported having doctor-diagnosed asthma. There are several environmental risk factors for asthma, but not all have been identified. There are also risk factors for developing asthma in children including family history, prenatal period exposures, breastfeeding, and others.
Immune System and Asthma: The Link
The immune system is known to play an important role in the development of asthma symptoms. However, there is increasing evidence that the nervous system may be directly or indirectly involved in asthmatic reactions. Some studies showed that reduced vagal modulation of airway sensory nerves was associated with bronchoconstriction (narrowing of the airways) while the increased activity of these same sensory fibers was associated with the production of anti-inflammatory peptides (β-endorphin) which inhibit airway narrowing via β2 adrenoceptor activation.
The relationship between stress and asthma has been studied for more than 40 years. It is estimated that 30-40% of all asthmatics have an additional psychiatric disorder at any given time, with major depression occurring most commonly (about 20%), followed by anxiety disorders (10%) and substance abuse (8%).
Since people's thoughts, feelings, emotions, behaviors, and even physiology are interconnected (physiologically), it seems reasonable to assume that stress may influence the development or worsen asthma symptoms in some way. But if stress can cause asthma symptoms why aren't all asthmatics under high levels of stress affected by their disease? Furthermore, what does "stress" really mean? And how might chronic mental distress lead to physical problems like asthma?
The Stress Response
Chronic mental distress is associated with increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), which controls our "fight-or-flight" response. This response includes several physiological changes including increased heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and muscle tension (to prepare our body for action). Chronic mental distress also has been found to be associated with reduced activity in the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS), which controls other aspects of our daily living that are not necessarily related to stress or crisis situations.
Disruption of the balance between the SNS and PNS may lead to an imbalance between other bodily systems as well. For example, hyperactivity of the SNS may suppress normal digestive function leading to decreased absorption of nutrients, which in turn may lead to nutritional deficiencies.
The link between Stress and Immune System
Suppressing our immune system is another possible link between chronic mental distress and physical health problems like asthma. Interestingly, the PNS has an anti-inflammatory effect on various physiological systems including the lungs (and airways). When people are under stress they tend to breathe more shallowly than normal. Shallow breathing means less oxygen enters the lungs which can cause increased inflammation in these organs. And since several studies have found an association between anxiety disorders and asthma, it suggests there is a relationship between anxiety, stress, and reduced PNS activity in some patients with asthma.
"Stress" is an ambiguous term that can lead to different ideas about what causes it or how it affects us. But if we think of stress in terms of what it does to us (physiologically), then it would seem that any factor that changes SNS or PNS activity could be labeled as "stressful." Thus, perhaps all asthma triggers are equally stressful when you consider the effect they may have on your nervous system (trigger vs. non-trigger).
Some asthmatics find certain situations extremely stressful while others can remain calm and collected even in a similar situation. Even though a stressful situation is unavoidable for everyone at some point, not everyone reacts to stressors in the same way. One aspect of an individual's personality that affects his/her response to stressors is whether he/she is more "harm-avoidant" or"approach-seeking." Harm avoidance is related to neuroticism and approach-seeking relates to extraversion. Neurotic people (harm avoidant) tend to experience more physical and mental health problems than non-neurotic people, including asthma.
The Link Between Stress and Asthma: Clinical Evidence
Although several studies have associated stress with asthma, the only causal relationship that can be established by clinical research is between major depression and increased asthma symptoms or worsened control of the disease. One study found an association between depression and total IgE (a measure of immune system function), even when controlling for allergy status and medication use. Researchers concluded that "depression does not appear to increase total IgE levels through a specific effect on atopy [allergy] or anti-asthma medication use."
Stress and Psychological Treatments for Asthma
There is some evidence that psychosocial interventions such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) can reduce asthma symptoms, improve pulmonary function, and lessen the need for bronchodilators. Studies on relaxation training also have indicated improved lung function and reduced bronchoconstrictor responses to methacholine in asthmatic patients. From this limited clinical research, it would appear that stress reduction might go a long way towards improving asthma symptoms and preventing attacks.
We know stress affects us physiologically so if we can learn to manage/reduce our stress levels we should be able to minimize such negative effects of stress on our bodies. If you are an asthma patient, taking control of stress can be extremely beneficial to your health. The following are recommendations for reducing both short-term and chronic stress:
- Take care of yourself - Make sure to get enough sleep, exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet, manage your emotions (anger management), etc.
-Avoid anything that might induce negative emotions such as alcohol or drug abuse
- Learn relaxation techniques like yoga/meditation/deep breathing exercises
Although there is clear evidence to suggest the link between asthma symptoms and stress, research has not demonstrated what exactly causes this relationship. However, there are some potential mechanisms by which the two factors may be linked.
How does clove help in reducing stress?
A study published in the journal Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine investigated the potential mechanisms by which Eugenia caryophyllata (clove) might exert its stress-relieving effects. E. caryophyllata (commonly known as clove) is one of the most widely used plants in traditional Indian medicine to alleviate anxiety, stress, depression, fatigue ,and other ailments
Study results demonstrate that E. caryophyllata exhibits "both acute anxiolytic [anti-anxiety] and chronic antidepressant effects." Researchers attributed these two effects to different components within E. caryophyllata . The essential oil fraction of this plant was found to contain compounds like 1,8-cineole, eugenol, and methyl eugenol that might be responsible for acute anxiolytic activity while the methanolic extract fraction of E. caryophyllata was found to contain several compounds including gallic acid, methyl gallate, protocatechuic acid, syringic acid, behenic acid , ursolic acid , and oleanolic acid that might be responsible for its chronic antidepressant activity. These results are promising but it is unclear whether E. caryophyllata would exert similar effects in humans.
How does Bhumyamalaki help in reducing stress?
Bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri or phyllanthine hydrochloride or P. amarus ) is a plant that belongs to the family of Phyllanthaceae and has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for millennia.
Common English names for this plant include: Bhumyamalaki, earth ball , cheese fruit, sweet leaf, dwarf pear,ball seed, round leaf yellow flower and Indian gooseberry
A study published in the Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine investigated the anti-stress effects of an ethanol extract of Bhumyamalaki. Researchers administered various doses of the extract once daily to mice via oral gavage over a 4-week period. After the 4-week treatment period, scientists observed that Bhumyamalaki significantly attenuated both acute and chronic restraint stress in mice.
A study published in the journal Phytotherapy Research investigated whether an ethanol extract of Himalayan Bhumyamalaki could prevent hepatotoxicity induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats. Researchers administered various doses of the extract once daily to rats via oral gavage over a 5-day period. At the end of the treatment period, scientists observed that administration of any dose of this plant extract drastically reduced liver damage caused by CCl4. The results indicate that this herbal medicine might be useful for preventing/protecting against hepatotoxicity.
The Respirar has all?
The above ingredients so it can provide effective relief against stress?
Does Respirar really help in reducing stress-induced Asthma!!
Respirar's ingredients are backed by scientific research. Bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri or Phyllanthus hydrochloride or P. amarus ) is a plant that belongs to the family of Phyllanthaceae and has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for millennia. It's also one of the most widely used plants in traditional Indian medicine to alleviate anxiety, stress, depression, fatigue, and other ailments
It took a lot to make sure that we can address all the aspects of Asthma pathology. And Respirar Powder does it all.
Respirar is safe for kids and all ages and you can get rid of the Asthma complications completely with Respirar.