Emblic myrobalan (Eng.)
Amalaki- Means 'sustainer of health'
Dhatri- Means "Nurse' as it nourishes so many aspect of human health
Amrita- Means 'nectar' because of its nutritive and rejuvenative value
Embelica officinalis- Euphorbiaceae
Rasa- It contains all the six tastes except Lavana (Salty one) But Amla (Sour) dominate over the others.
Guna (Characteristics)- Guru (Heavy); Ruksha (Rough)
Veerya (Potency)- Sheeta (Cool and calm)
Vipaka (Post digestion effect)- Madhura (Sweet)
The fruit of Amalaki contains a series of diterpenes referred to as the gibberellins, as well as the triterpene lupeol, flavonoids (e.g. kaempherol-3-O-?-Dglucoside, quercetin-3-O-?-Dglucoside), and polyphenols (e.g. emblicanin A and B,punigluconin and pedunculagin). Also present are the phyllantine and zeatin alkaloids, and a number of benzenoids including amlaic acid, corilagin, ellagic acid, 3-6-di-O-galloyl-glucose, ethyl gallate, 1,6-di-O-galloyl-?-Dglucose, 1-di-O-galloyl-?-Dglucose, putranjivain A, digallic acid, phyllemblic acid, emblicol, and alactaric acid
Effect on Tridosha (Three bio humors):
Amalaki pacifies all the three Doshas i.e. maintains the balance of all Doshas that is why it is one of the best rejuvenator according to Ayurveda.
Actions according to Ayurveda:
Vaya sthapana- Amalaki rejuvenates the body
Virechanopaga- Amalaki aids in the function of Virechana (Therapeutic purgation) medicine
Haritaki samam- Amalaki is also useful in management of the diseases where Haritaki is useful
Rakta pittaghnam- Amalaki is useful in management of bleeding tendencies
Rasayanam- Amalaki enhances the longevity and delays the signs of aging
Chakshushya- Tonic for eyes
Vrushya- Amalaki increases sexual desire
Feeding of Amalaki to the hypercholesterolemic rabbits for 12 weeks showed a two pronged effects, its feeding increased the lipid mobilization and catabolism and retarded the deposition of lipids in the extra hepatic tissues. The degree of atherosclerosis at the end of 12 weeks of Amla feeding was much lower when compared to the control group.
The tissue lipid levels including Serum cholesterol, TG, phospholipid and LDL showed a significant reduction following Embelica officinalis juice administration. Emeblica officinalis juice treated rabbits excreted more cholesterol and phospholipids, suggesting that the mode of absorption was affected.
The fruit of Amalaki is an adaptogen which means it is a food grade, nontoxic herb that normalizes body function, balances the neuroendocrine system and improves immunity.
Stress is a major contributing factor to the onset of heart attacks. One study found that Amalaki strengthened the body’s ability to combat stress-induced free radical damage.
A recent study, published in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, demonstrated that Amalaki juice reduced the effects of a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet in rabbits. The juice appeared to protect the arteries and prevent the damage that normally occurs when there is an accumulation of fatty plaques.
Embelica officinalis, an excellent source of vitamin C (ascorbate) when administered orally, has been found to enhance natural killer (NK) cell activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) in syngeneic BALB/c mice, bearing Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) tumor. An increase in life span (ILS) of 35% was recorded in tumor bearing mice treated with Embelica officinalis. These results indicated
a) An absolute requirement for a functional NK cell or K cell population in order that Embelica officinalis can exert its effect on tumor bearing animals, and
b) The antitumor activity of Embelica officinalis is mediated primarily through the ability of the drug to augment natural cell mediated cytotoxicity.